Lesson 8: Days, Months and Seasons in Russian

As you remember in our previous lesson we discussed Present Tense in Russian. One of your exercises was to translate a few sentences into Russian. As promised, here are the answers:

He is shaving. –  Он бреется.

My mom is cooking breakfast. – Моя мама готовит завтрак.

Ann is brushing her teeth. – Анна чистит зубы.

They work in school. – Они работают в школе.

Pete is washing the dishes. – Пит моет посуду.

Today we will start a new topic that will help us to move one step closer to other tenses (Past and Future) in the grammar system of tenses in the Russian language.

Today we will learn the times of the day/month/year.

Knowing the times of the day will help you schedule your meetings and activities accordingly. Here are a few words that can help you. Some of the you might already know while the rest will be new to you.

Утро Morning
День Day
Вечер Evening
Ночь Night

If you want to say that something is to occur in the morning you say утром, in the day – днём, in the evening – вечером, and in the night – ночью.

Days of Week

Понедельник Monday
Вторник Tuesday
Среда Wednesday
Четверг Thursday
Пятница Friday
Суббота Saturday
Воскресенье Sunday
Неделя Week

To indicate the day of the week you need to use a preposition. At the same time the endings of most of the nouns will be changed.

Pay attention:

В понедельник on Monday
Во вторник on Tuesday
В среду on Wednesday
В четверг on Thursday
В пятницу on Friday
В субботу on Saturday
В воскресенье on Sunday

To ask what day is it today you ask “Какой сегодня день?” where сегодня means today.

The answer is simple. You just say: Сегодня – понедельник.

Now that you know quite a few words that describe time of the day or the week you can build phrases.

This morning – сегодня утром

This evening – сегодня вечером

Some of other words that could be helpful are the following:

Сейчас (now), позже (later), рано (early), вчера (yesterday), позавчера (еру day before yesterday), завтра (tomorrow), послезавтра (еру day after tomorrow).

Months

Russian months sound somewhat similar to their English equivalents.

Январь January
Февраль February
Март March
Апрель April
Май May
Июнь June
Июль July
Август August
Сентябрь September
Октябрь October
Ноябрь November
Декабрь December

If you want to say that something happened/will happen in a certain month you again just add a preposition. Each noun gets the ending е.

Example:

В январе – in January, в марте – in March, в ноябре – in November.

Now, the only thing left to learn for us is seasons and their names.

Зима Winter
Весна Spring
Лето Summer
Осень Autumn/Fall

To indicate that something happens/will happen/has happened in one of the seasons you have to change the endings of the nouns accordingly.

Зимой In winter
Весной In spring
Летом In summer
Осенью In autumn/fall

Exercises:

1. Learn the vocabulary of the lesson.

2. Translate the following sentences and phrases into Russian.

Ann goes to music school on Monday.

Tomorrow evening.

On Monday in the morning.

Tomorrow early evening.

It snows in winter.

Mike’s birthday is in August.

You will find the correct translation in the next lesson.

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